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This Page is to impart information about pending or passed legislation that affects the viability of Local Food Systems.

Food Safety Modernization Act (S 510) - Update: Food Safety Modernization Act
On January 4, 2011 the Food Safety Modernization Act became law. A host of hard-won amendments also passed ensuring small- and medium-scale farmers aren’t burdened with size-inappropriate restrictions or exorbitant fees designed for much larger players.

National Animal Identification System (NAIS) - has been dropped due to farmer rejection.

Corporate Personhood Resolution - introduced Jan, 2011 in the 62nd Mt Legislature, HJ0010.01

HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO.10 - Introduced by Rep Ellie Boldman Hill (D - Missoula)


WHEREAS, government of, by, and for the people has long been a cherished American value, and We the People's fundamental and inalienable right to self-govern and thereby secure rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness is guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence; and

WHEREAS, free and fair elections are essential to democracy and effective self-governance; and

WHEREAS, persons are rightfully recognized as human beings whose essential needs include clean air, clean water, and safe and secure food; and

WHEREAS, corporations are entirely human-made legal fictions created by express permission of We the People and our government; and

WHEREAS, corporations can exist in perpetuity, can exist simultaneously in many nations at once, need only profit for survival, and exist solely through the legal charter imposed by the government of We the People; and

WHEREAS, in addition to these advantages, the great wealth of large corporations allows them to wield coercive force of law to overpower human beings and communities, thus denying We the People's exercise of our constitutional rights; and

WHEREAS, corporations are not mentioned in the Constitution. The People have never granted constitutional rights to corporations, nor have We decreed that corporations have authority that exceeds the authority of We the People of the United States; and

WHEREAS, interpretation of the U.S. Constitution by unelected Supreme Court justices to include corporations in the term "persons" has long denied We the People's exercise of self-governance by endowing corporations with constitutional protections intended for We the People; and

WHEREAS, the illegitimate judicial bestowal of civil and political rights upon corporations usurps basic human and constitutional rights guaranteed to human persons and also empowers corporations to sue municipal and state governments for adopting laws that violate "corporate rights" even when those laws serve to protect and defend the rights of human persons and communities; and

WHEREAS, corporations are not and have never been human beings and therefore are rightfully subservient to human beings and governments as our legal creations; and

WHEREAS, large corporations' profits and survival are often in direct conflict with the essential needs and rights of human beings; and

WHEREAS, large corporations have used their so-called rights to overturn democratically enacted laws passed at municipal, state, and federal levels aimed at curbing corporate abuse, thus rendering local governments ineffective in protecting their citizens against corporate harms to the environment, to health, to workers, to independent business, and to local and regional economies; and

WHEREAS, the recent Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission Supreme Court decision rolls back the legal limits on corporate spending in the electoral process and creates an unequal playing field by allowing unlimited corporate spending to influence elections, candidate selection, and policy decisions and to sway votes; and

WHEREAS, the Citizens United decision forces elected officials to divert their attention from the People's business, or even vote against the interest of their human constituents, in order to ensure competitive campaign funds for their own re-election; and

WHEREAS, large corporations own most of America's mass media and use that media as a megaphone to express loudly their political agenda and to convince Americans that their primary role is that of consumers, rather than sovereign citizens with rights and responsibilities within our democracy, and this forces citizens to toil to discern the truth behind headlines and election campaigning; and

WHEREAS, Montana's unique history with the Copper Kings during the late 19th and early 20th centuries demonstrates the control corporations can exert over state politics if allowed to spend freely to influence elections; and

WHEREAS, Montana's experience illustrates the need to allow states to regulate or prohibit direct corporate expenditures when corporations seek to influence state elections; and

WHEREAS, tens of thousands of people and municipalities across the nation are joining with the Campaign to Legalize Democracy in the United States to call for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution to abolish corporate personhood.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE SENATE AND THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STATE OF MONTANA: That we urge the United States Congress to join the tens of thousands of citizens, local governments, and grassroots organizations across the county to call for an amendment to the United States Constitution to abolish corporate personhood and return our democracy, our elections, and our communities to America's human persons and to thus reclaim our sovereign right to self-governance.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the State of Montana calls upon other communities and jurisdictions to join with us in this action by passing similar resolutions.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the State of Montana supports education to increase public awareness of the threats to our democracy posed by corporate personhood and encourages lively discussion to build understanding and consensus to take appropriate community and municipal actions to democratically respond to these threats.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the Secretary of State send a copy of this resolution to the Secretary of State in each of the other states, to each member of the Montana Congressional Delegation, and to each member of Congress.

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